To avoid the bone-chilling wind, you can always check on the status of your windows and doors. State of the art technology for windows and doors may have replaced the traditional window panes. But when you don’t have the finances yet to spare for this and winter is almost there, you can opt for these innovative and creative ideas in insulating doors and windows. These ideas are presented in this infographic.
There are two kinds of spray foam insulation: closed cell and open cell. Both provide energy efficiency to homes and buildings. Open cell insulation is best for interior application while closed cell performs better when used on the exterior. A structure will achieve the highest level of energy efficiency when both types of insulation are used. They can be installed with cellulose insulation machines, referred to as cellulose insulation blowers.
Here are a few of the characteristics of closed cell spray foam insulation:
- It can be applied even when the temperature is as low as 5°F.
- It is perfect for continuous insulation solutions.
- It adds strength to the wall structure and provides impact resistance.
- It has a higher R-value per square inch.
- It has very low vapor permeability.
- It can resist bulk water, making it ideal in flood-prone areas.
- It has a high bond and tensile strength.
The following are the characteristics of open cell spray foam insulation:
- It can be installed at a much lower cost and achieves the same R-value as closed cell foam insulation.
- It can achieve a higher R-value when there is no space restriction.
- It allows for bi-directional drying.
- It can be installed without the use of many materials.
- It allows for seasonal movement.
- It is both an air barrier and insulation material.
- It repels water molecules.
Closed cell foam insulation is the denser of the two types, featuring better insulation because of its higher R-value. It is more resistant to water penetration or degradation and prevents moisture build-up. Moisture in building insulation will eventually lead to bacterial growth and mold infestation, which could compromise the structural integrity of the home and the health of the dwellers.
Closed cell foam insulation has the required density to prevent the entry of air, which also minimizes mold growth by reducing humidity. Closed cell insulation resembles a solid when formed, providing additional strength to the wall structure to which it is applied.
If the famous line winter is here, literally, strikes. Be ready with your blankets, thick clothes, jackets and socks because the cold wind will circulate in your house. Do you use insulation equipment at home, but you want to minimize your electric bills as much as possible? These smart energy solutions will be your best option.
Those involved in the construction of a house or building must communicate with one another right from the start. They can work together to establish the right design criteria and decide on the appropriate insulation materials.
Insulation materials present benefits and limitations, which will depend on the service, location, and the expected longevity of the application. All of these are taken into consideration in the design and planning stages of a building.
Thermal resistance is the measurement of the temperature difference by which the insulation resists the heat flow. The resistance associated with insulation material is specified as its R-value, or the capacity to resist heat flow. An insulation material with a high R-value has greater insulating power.
The following insulation materials are widely used in the home:
- Batts and rolls – These insulation materials are made from fiberglass, mineral wool, plastic and natural fibers. They are recommended for unfinished walls, floors, and ceilings. The material is fitted between studs, beams, and joists. It can be installed as a DIY project without the need for special tools and machines.
- Concrete block insulation – These are foam boards that are placed outside of the walls in new construction or inside the walls in existing homes. They are recommended for use with foundation walls. This type of insulation requires special skill to install. It is very efficient at moderating indoor temperatures.
- Foam board – Made of polystyrene, polyisocyanurate, or polyurethane, this insulation material is good for floors and ceilings, as well as unvented low-slope roofs. When used in an interior application, it must be topped with a 1/2-inch fire resistant material such as gypsum board. It provides high insulating value, especially in light of how thin it is.
- Insulating concrete forms – These forms are made of foam boards or foam blocks and are ideal for unfinished walls and foundation walls. The boards or blocks are installed as part of the building structure to create high resistance against heat.
- Loose-fill or blown-in – This insulation is made of cellulose, mineral wool, or fiberglass. It is typically used in enclosed walls or wall cavities, on unfinished attic floors, and in hard-to-reach areas. It is installed using insulation equipment such as a blowing machine and other insulation accessories.
Homeowners and designers should agree in advance on the best insulation material to suit the prospective home.
Blown insulation equipment makes insulating a space or augmenting existing insulation easy. This type of equipment is designed to handle loose-fill materials, including cellulose, mineral wool, and fiberglass. The type of insulation depends on the area to be filled. A fiber blowing machine may be an excellent choice for hard-to-reach spaces. Insulation machines vary in their reliability, versatility, and production rate.
One of the most popular pieces of equipment on the market is the Brute WS Wall Spray System. The Brute WS Wall Spray System has a 20-inch airlock feeder, 12-inch dry side, and 8-inch recycle side. It comes equipped with an air volume control and two electromagnetic clutches for powerful and smooth operation. The system draws its power from the truck to which it is attached.
With the Brute WS Wall Spray System, there is no need to bring in a separate vacuum machine. The Brute WS has a built-in vacuum for material removal. The machine can be operated using a 150-feet 12V wired remote control. Buyers can opt for the wireless remote option.
The Brute WS comes with two spray hoses: a 150-foot, four-inch Mark II hose and a 150-foot, 3-inch Mark II hose. You can easily interchange hoses depending on your needs. It is also equipped with a 150-feet ¼-inch high-pressure water line.
The Brute WS Wall Spray System will be delivered with the following:
- Large 3-section hose reel that makes hose laying and retraction easy and convenient
- Wall scrubber to ensure that the insulation material will stick to the surface
- 3-inch spray nozzle with tips
- 325-gallon water tank that is built in an insulated box
- 5,500-watt power inverter
- Water pump
- Side access doors in the truck box
This machine can cover roughly 1300 square feet of 2’ x 6’ walls in an hour. It is capable of blowing 135 bags of cellulose or 45 bags of fiberglass per hour. Customer reviews show that this is one of the best insulation machines that your money could buy.
If you live in a city with record-breaking temperatures during summer, you will want to choose attic insulation that will effectively reduce your home temperature. Otherwise, you could be uncomfortably warm inside your home and spend a fortune running cool air only to have it seep outside.
The two conventional ways of insulating the attic are radiant barrier sheathing and spray foam insulation. Radiant barrier sheathing reflects back as much as 95 percent of the heat absorbed by the attic on a hot summer day. This reflective process can reduce the attic temperature by as much as 20°F. The sheathing can keep your home’s interior temperature at a comfortable level, allowing you to save on electric bills by as much as 17 percent. Installing radiant barrier sheathing is easily accomplished without the need for special tools or machines. Put the sheathing in place with the reflective foil facing down into the attic.
When you install the sheathing, don’t let it come in contact with other materials. Keep a minimum ¾-inch gap for proper airflow. Radiant barrier sheathing cannot be used in all regions. It is only recommended for the country’s warmest climate zones.
Spray foam insulation is another way of keeping your attic cool during summer. The high R-values of spray insulation can easily achieve this goal. Spray foam insulation is ideal for use in smaller buildings with difficult-to-reach nooks and crannies. It can be pricey, but it can significantly reduce your power bills in both summer and winter for up to 80 years.
Spray foam insulation requires special equipment for installation. It does not protect against radiant heat, but it is effective in protecting the home against convection and conduction. It is not as effective as radiant barrier sheathing in summer.